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Element of
Elements

State of matter

ID:77459
GUID:-
Type:PROPERTY
Version:22
Version date:2012-12-12
Status:DRAFT
Owner:IFD-Nederland

Names

en-INForm of matter
en-INPhysical state
en-INState of aggregation
en-INState of matter
nl-NLAggregatietoestand

Description

Measures

References

State of matter
A state of matter (or physical state, or form of matter) has physical properties which are qualitatively different from other states of matter. Traditionally, three states of matter were recognized: solid, which maintains a fixed volume and shape; liquid, which maintains a fixed volume but adopts the shape of its container; and gas, which occupies the entire volume available. Plasma, or ionized gas, is a fourth state and occurs at high temperatures. Today, many other states of matter are often recognized, although there is no agreed-upon list of states, nor are there definite criteria for a new state. Some are of technological importance, such as the various liquid crystal states, the ferromagnetic state and the superconductive state. Others occur only under extreme laboratory conditions, such as the fermionic condensate and the quark-gluon plasma. This article gives a brief introduction to the main, generally accepted states, starting with the most familiar and proceeding to the most exotic.
[Wikipedia (En)]


Aggregatietoestand
De aggregatietoestand van een stof is de staat waarin een stof zich bevindt. Men gaat daarbij meestal uit van een chemische zuivere stof. Het begrip aggregatietoestand is nauw verwant aan het (bredere) begrip fase. De tot nu toe bekende aggregatietoestanden zijn: - vast (s), - vloeibaar (l), - gasvormig (g), - Plasma (p) en - Bose-Einsteincondensaat (BEC).
[Wikipedia (Nl)]